Gaddis and Gujjars
The tribal people of Chamba belong to separate anthropological groups as proven by their
distinctive features and customs.
The two major groups, Gaddis and Gujjars are seminomadic frops who were perhaps full
nomads at some times.
Gujjars are likely to have come from Kashmir as many Gujjars stay in Kashmir too. The
border of Chamba with Kashmir provided routes for there nomadic herdsmen of Islamic
Their feature are middle-eastern and from their features and customs I infer that they
originally came from middle east. These nomadic tribesmen have their own language and
culture and have kept more or less aloof from the political senario of Chamba in olden
They travel to lowland Punjab every Autumn with their lives stock to avoid the cold winter
of the hills. Later when the weather warms up they return to the hills in Chamba district.
Prabal Pramanik ©
The original home of the Gaddis yet a matter that is not absolutely clear, but it is quite
possible that they came from the plains to avoid prosecution. According their tradition
the came at the time of king Aja Burman 730 - 800 but it is rather uncertain to determine
The Giddis are a separate clan. The term Gaddi is a generic name, and under it are
included Brahmans, Rajputs, Khatris, Thakkurs and Rathis. The majority, however, are
Khatris. As the custom of the Brahman and Rajput sections is to return themselves under
their caste names, it is improbable that many of these have been classed as Gaddis. The
census returns may, therefore, be regarded as including, chiefly, the Khatri, Thakkur and
Rathi sections of the clan. They are found principally in the Brahmaur Wazarat, which is
called Gadaran, but also in other parts of the State. (Gadaran, from Skr. gadar " a
eheep " and meaning " sheep country," and gaddi " a shepherd.")
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